The Federal Communications Commission will consider an order to close to the so-called “terrestrial loophole,” which allows cable companies to get around access requirements in a 1992 federal cable law by distributing programming over landlines rather than satellite connections.
Cable TV operators including Cox Communications Inc., Cablevision Systems Corp. and Comcast Corp. have relied on the loophole to deny programming to competitors such as DirecTV Inc., Echostar Corp.s Dish Network, AT&T Inc.s U-Verse video service and Verizon Communications Inc.s FiOS video service.
Cox, for instance, denies AT&T access to San Diego Padres games. Cablevision wont let AT&T and Verizon carry the high-definition format of its Madison Square Garden networks, which broadcast the games of the New York Knicks, New York Rangers, New York Islanders and New Jersey Devils.
And Comcast does not provide its satellite competitors with access to its SportsNet Philadelphia channel, which carries games by the Philadelphia Flyers, Phillies and Sixers. Comcast does provide the channel to Verizon and RCN Corp., which offers competing cable services in some markets.
The FCCs move comes as the commission begins its regulatory review of Comcasts proposal to buy a controlling stake in NBC Universal from General Electric Co. Although the two matters are separate, some analysts expect the FCC to close the terrestrial loophole for Comcast as a condition of regulatory approval for that deal.
In the meantime, the FCC staff has prepared an order to eliminate the terrestrial loophole for all cable companies and plans to send it to the agencys five commissioners on Wednesday. It was not immediately clear when the commissioners will vote on the order.
The development came as welcome news to companies competing with cable operators in the market for video services.
“We applaud this effort by the FCC to address this anti-consumer, anti-competitive behavior,” Susan Eid, DirecTVs senior vice president for government affairs, said in a statement.
That sentiment was echoed by Verizon. “Consumers shouldnt be forced to stick with their incumbent cable provider in order to have access to their local teams games, or to watch those games in high definition,” spokesman David Fish said.
But cable companies argue that the existing rules help them differentiate their offerings in a highly competitive business.
“Exclusive distribution of programming can be a pro-competitive tool that offers an incentive for companies to develop unique services,” the National Cable & Telecommunications Association, the cable TV industrys largest trade group, said in a statement.
Indeed, the NCTA noted that DirecTV has experienced enormous success with its exclusive NFL Sunday Ticket package, which shows National Football League games.
“The idea that the nations two largest phone companies, AT&T and Verizon, need a regulatory bailout is absurd,” it added.
AT&T, Comcast and Cox had no comment and Echostar did not respond to a request for comment.